Y%S ,xldf tlu m;a jfkdaoHdkh
Apr 12, 2012


Y%S ,xldf tlu m;a jfkdaoHdkh

Y%S,xldf uq NQ m%udKfhka ishhg 13 la‌ md,kh lrkq ,nkafka jk fomd;fka;=j u.sks' th fyla‌ghd 862"219 ls' tu rla‌Is; cd,hg cd;sl WoHdk 21 la‌ wh;ah' wNh NQ 63 ls' ia‌jdNdl rla‌Is; 05 ls' oe ia‌jdNdl rla‌Is; 03 ls' jk msiq 01 ls' jk i;=ka iy Ydl m%cdj wdrla‌Id lsu i|yd 1937 m%ldYhg m;alrk ,o jk i;a;aj iy jDla‌I,;d wdrla‌Il mk; l%shd;aul jkqfha jk fomd;fka;=j yrydh'

jk fomd;fka;=f oYkSh;u cd;sl WoHdkh jir 30 lg miq uehs 28 jeksod wd:sl ixjOk wud;H neis,a rdcmla‍Ihka iska jD; lrk ,' th hqo .egq fya;=fldgf.k jid ;snqK o 17 jeks cd;sl WoHdkh f,iska ie,fla' ;%sl=Kdu,fha ks,dje,s fjr<g lsf,dag 02 la‌ wE;ska we;s fuu m; mfr m; f,i yekaf' ;%sl=Kdu, ia‌;%sla‌lfha l=pf,s m%dfoaYSh f,al fld‌Gdihg wh;a jdf,hsWla‌l= .%dufiajd jiu ;=< msysgd we;s fuu cd;sl WoHdkh fyla‌ghd 471 lska iuka;h' bka fyla‌ghd 09 la‌ msysgd we;af;a mfr m; ;=<h' b;s m%udKh id.r c,h f'

jir 1970 wNh NQhla‌ f,i rch u.ska m%ldYhg m;a l< mfr m; jD; lrka m%:u m%fYm;%h ,nd.kq ,enqf wd:sl ixjOk wud;H neis,a rdcmla‍I iy f.dck fiajd iy jk wud;H tia‌' t' pkao%fiak hk wud;Hjreh' fuu wjia‌:djg ,la‍Iauka hdmd wfjOk" iqika; mqxks,f hk ksfhdacH wud;Hjreo" wd:sl ixjOk wud;HdxYfha f,al wdpdh mS' ' chiqkaor" jk wOHla‍I ckrd,a ffjoH pkao%jxY m;srdc we;= wdrd;fhda /ila‌u iyNd.s ishy' m;g we;=,au i|yd jeyshl=f.ka wh lrk .dia‌;=j remsh,a 40 ls' <uqkaf.ka remsh,a 20 ls' foaYslhl=f.ka k weulka fvd, 10 ls' mfr m; h<s jD; lrka neis,a rdcmla‍I wud;Hjrhd lshd isfha ;sia‌ jirl hqoaOhl ksudf ;j;a tla‌ m%;sM,hla‌ f,i fuu jD; lsu i|yka l< yels njh' fujeks jevigyka ;=< ixpdrl jHdmdrfha kj m%fndaOhla‌ we;sjk nj wud;Hjrhd fmkajd kafkah'

mfr m; jir 2003 cd;sl WoHdkhla‌ ;;a;ajhg Wiia‌lrk ,' .,amfrhka bx.%Sisfhka ykajkqfha frdla‌ mscka f,ih' oHd;aul kduh jkafka [lumba livia‌ h' Wm fYaIh jkafka intermddia‌ mfr m; ta kka yekafjkafka Yd, jYfhka mfrhka talrdYSjk ksidh' mla‌Is fYaI{hl= jk kS;s{ c.;a .=KjOkhka fmkajd fok m Y%S ,xldf oekg .,a mfrhka yuqjk ia‌:dk lsysmh w;r .DydY%s; mfrhka iu fouqyqka fkdjQ .,a mfrhka yuqjk ia‌:dk w;ka YajikSh;u ia‌:dkh jkafka mfr m;h' fuu mfr fYaIh Wm fYaI lsysmhlska yuqjk w;r Y%S ,xldf yuqjk Wm fYaIh furg fukau bkahdfo yuqf' oekg .Dy wdY%s;j yuqjk mfrhka fuu fYaIh hqfrdamSh Wm fYaIfha idudlhka f' ,xldf .,a mfrhka yuqjk fjk;a ia‌:dk jkafka rkafoKs., c,dYfha m;a lsysmhla‌ iy ynkaf;dg ia‌;%sla‌lfha wn,kaf;dg je,sm;ka, Wia‌ikaf.dv m%foaYhhs' kuq;a fuu m%foaY wdY%s; .DydYs; mfrhka yuqjk neka tu .,a mfrhka fouqyqka weoao ke;ao hkak mfhaIKhg ,la‌h hq;= lreKls' fuu mfr m; uqyqfoka fjka we;s ksid tu mfrhka fouqyqkaf bvlv b;d wvqh' fmr rc iufha mfrhka u.ska mKsjqv yqjudre lr we;s njg ckm%jdofhao i|yka f' fuu m;a 02 ka Yd, m; mfr m; f,i o l=vd m; ldl m; f,i o jHjydrfha i|ykah'

c,h u; isg msh oEiska b;d jkd mdg mdg fldr,amr oelSf yelshdj we;s Y%S ,xldf iS; ia‌:dk w;ka tlla‌ f,i mfr m; yekaf' me/Kshka mqrd uf,a hkqfjka yekajQ fuu m; mfrhka .yk neka miq ld,fha mfr m; h' O ld,j,g ,xldjg we tk ixl%uKsl l=re,a,ka ,e.= .kakd ia‌:dkhla‌ f,i o fuu m; yekah yelsh'

fuys fldr,a fYaI 100 la‌ iy mrdY%s; u;aiH fYaI 300 la‌ oelsh yelsh' fuys we;s fldr,a moaO;sh 1998 jif WKqiq hje,a ksid ydks fkdjQ fldr,amr f' f.dv mdIdK j. iq jYfhkao Ldokhg ,la‌jk fldr,a Yd, jYfhka o f.dvf ola‌kg ,ef' WoHdkfha m;a jgd lfvd,dk Ydl m%cdjka oel.; yels w;r f.dv fmfofia lgq mre iys; Ydl m%cdjg wdfKsl Ydl iy i;a;aj fYaIhka yuqf' bkahka id.rh ;=< ola‌kg we;s wdfKsl u;aiH fYaIo fuys we;' ,N .Kfha c,c ka yd c,c Ydld fYaIhkaf.kao m; fmdaIs;h' fldr,amr wdY%s; .ejfik fudare fYaI tk Bla‌ck tip shark jeks uiqkao fmd;= leia‌nEjkao fuys yuqf' fuys ixpdrlhka fjkqfjka fidnd uxfm;la‌o blr we;'

mfr m; mfrhkaf.a b;d iqfYaIS wNsckk ia‌:dkhla‌ f' oYkSh mrdY%s; uiqka" leia‌nEjqka iy fudareka tys .ykh' w,xldr fldr,amr j,ska iuka;h' mfr m;g hd hq;af;a fnda‌gqjlsks' 08 fokl=f.ka muK iuka; lKa‌vdhulg fnda‌gqfjka .uka l< yels w;r ta i|yd jehjk uqo, remsh,a 1"500 lg wdikakh' fnda‌gqjl idudkH wYajn, Od;djh 15 ls' fnda‌gq yshl= jk 46 ye uka m%kdka lshd isfha klg fnda‌gq 15 la‌ muK mfr m;g mefKk njh' fnda‌gq .ukg kd 12 la‌ jehf' th lsf,dag 02 l muK r m%udKhls' kdl ie;mq k 1'36 ls'

mfr m; we;=<; O Ydl ola‌kg we;' ishU,d" fldfydU iy kq. ta w;r f' mfr m;g wdfKsl Ydlhla‌ f,i Ka‌rin Wood yekaf' mfrhka ;a;r oukqfha wfma%a,a jeks ld,fhah' jrlg ;a;r 04 la‌ muK oukq ,nhs' ks,dje,s kdl chnd l|jqr u.ska mfr m; wjg /ljrKh islrkq ,nhs' mfr m; wjg lsf,dagrhl iSudj ;=< uiqka we,a,Su ;ykh' mfr m;g f,dl=u ;ckhla‌ we;af;a wkjirfhka vhskuhs .id uiqka we,a,Suh' tfiau fydr ryfia oe,a oeu" ,S nEu jeks lghq;=j, ksr;jkakka w;awvx.=jg .ekSu kdl yuqodj iy jk wv ks,Odka iska islrkq ,ef' brla‌lKa‌h jdf,hshqla‌l=" f.damd,amqr jeks jr jd mfr m; wi, we;'

mfr mf;a fldr,amrj,g ydksjkfia uiqka uefuka fuu jir ;=< 05 fokl= w;awvx.=jg f.k wlrKhg bm;alr ;sf' Tjqkag ,ndka Wid ovh remsh,a ,la‍Ihla‌ muK f' bl=;a wfma%,a ui ia‌mhsk whlska uiqka urd tajd wkqNj lrka is reishka cd;slhka w;awvx.=jg .ekSug jk ks,Odka iu;a h' Tjqkaf.ka whlrk ,o ov uqo, remsh,a 125"000 ls' jk ldh uKa‌v,h 05 lska iuka;h' wdikakfha fkajdisl myiql fkdue;sfuka Tjqkaf.a rdcldhg n,j;a ydks t,a, we;' fjr< im;a fomd;fka;=fjka fyda ;djld,slj ia‌:dkhla‌ ,nd jk ldhd,h fjkqfjka ;djld,sl f.dvkes,a,la‌ fjr< rla‌Is;fha blsu is l< hq;=f'

mfr m; kerug i;sfha klg mefKk msi 100 lg wlh' fnda‌gq ixLHdj 10 la‌ muK f' i;s wka;j, mefKk ixLHdj 250 la‌ muK f' fnda‌gq 12 la‌ muK fhdojd we;' wfma%,a jeks ksjdvq khkays fhdojd we;s fnda‌gq ixLHdj 50 lg wlh' fnda‌gq fiajd myiql ia‌:dk foll ia‌:dk.; we;' ks,dje,s iy f.damd,al=,h fnda‌gq i;s follg Tjqka wh;ah' fnda‌gqfjka mfr m; n,d hk iEu ixpdrlfhla‌u wdrla‌Is; lndhla‌ me<h hq;=h'

mfr m; ffcj im;a iy m;%;djh /l.ekSu i|yd jk fomd;fka;=j u.ska jevigyka .Kkdjla‌ h;alr ;sf' mfr m; wdY%s;j uiqka j|u fya;=fjka fldr,amrj,g ydks muqKqjk ;drld u;aiH fYaIh jOkhu j;udkfha m%n, .egjla‌ ;sf' mfr m; wdY%s;j jr lghq;= ;yk lr we;af;a tneks' ;drld u;aiHhd jrlg ;a;r ,la‌I .Kkla‌ ouk w;r mfr m; wdY%s; uiqka tu ;a;r wdydrhg .kS' tu ksid ;drld uiqkaf.a jHdma;u wvd< f'

mfr m; wm rg i;= uyq im;ls' th oeka oeka ixpdrlhkag wdlIh ia‌:dkhla‌ njg m;afjka ;sf' tjeks mir im;a u;= mrmqr i|yd iq/lSu wm ieuf.a j.lSu iy hq;=luls'

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